31 October 2018
Further information and contact
German Energy Agency (dena)
phone: +49 30 66 777 - 710
The Scandria®2Act Clean Fuel Deployment Strategy comes to the final stage. The findings show very different approaches and pace of alternative fuel market deployment in the countries located along the northern part of the Scandria®Corridor. This is not at least due to more and less ambitious political strategies and it´s underlying instruments.
While Norway is frontrunner in the electric vehicle (EV) market, Finland is taking first steps. Regarding compressed and liquified natural gas (CNG/LNG) Norway is less ambitous than Sweden or partly Germany. So far no country in the corridor has created a stable and long-term political and market framework giving a stable perspective for a market driven alternative fuel deployment.
One of the most important tasks for all countries along the corridor is to implement consistent strategies and reliable frameworks for investment in vehicles and technologies with very low greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions. However, there is no silver bullet regarding one technology fits for all transport purposes. This requires to invest in different technologies and fuels having the potential to reduce GHG-emissions in order to accelarate energy transiton in transport. Referring to cost competitiveness CNG and LNG are today the most affordable alternatives even without additional political actions. Countries like Sweden show, that on regional level also biogas can substitute the fossile CNG and LNG to full extend. In the future most of the CNG and LNG has to come from renewable ressources which could partly change the competitiveness between the alternative fuels.
The most important driver of EVs in all countries are today upfront tax reductions or rabates. Public support to the market uptake is feasible as long as the competitiveness of the technologies is limited and the markt share of alternative vehicles is small. But the higher the market share of alternative vehicles becomes, the better infrastructure will be available, the more the market framework has to be designed in order to avoid GHG-emissions. In this context reliable CO2 pricing will become more important and the consumer as polluter will have to take responsibility to bear the cost of GHG-emission in transport.
The analysis shows, that effective and efficient policy instruments should contribute to achieve the following goals:
Download the clean fuel deployment strategy!