28 February 2018
Fully electric last mile delivery in Berlin: The KV-E-Chain developed by the company Terberg transports containers up to 25 tons between Berlin inland ports. © TH Wildau
Further information and contact
Skåne Association of Local Authorities
phone: +46 728 - 85 49 16
One aim of the Scandria®2Act partners dealing with clean fuel transport is to share the experience made in the different regions. The main message so far says that the clean fuel development is too slow and we need to speed up in order to accomplish the environmental goals. Thus, partners analysed the experiences made in the past in areas they have been working with, such as how municipalities can finance clean fuel infrastructure, whether a multi-fuel station is a good idea and how electric mobility in city logistics can be introduced.
Region Skane investigated the cooperation between public and private partners in investment of clean fuel infrastructure by analysing 6 case studies in the southern Sweden comprising investments into fast chargers for electric mobility, liquid/compressed biogas/natural gas filling stations and a hydrogen filling station. The results indicate, that there are currently no "real" public-private-partnership solutions for clean fuel investments, as such projects are too small for setting up a PPP-structure. However, there are different forms of cooperation between the public and the private sector which can be advantageous for the continued deployment of clean fuel infrastructure. The authors state that business models need to be considered from the outset to make public-private cooperation successful. Public early action for clean fuel usage seems to be a key factor for success, creating conditions for both supply and demand for clean fuel in order to get the private actors to join at a lower risk. The study also highlights the importance of political decision making - as driver of the development and as setting favourable and stable conditions for investments in clean fuel infrastructure.
Research Institutes of Sweden looked into the opportunity to set-up multi-fuel energy stations for clean fuel supply. A multi-fuel energy station refers to a refuelling station for at least two clean fuels, in this study LBG/LNG, CBG/CNG, hydrogen and fast-charging. The study provides evidence, that combining different types of fuels is a very viable option. Several potential synergies in fuel logistics etc. have also been discovered by combining fuels at the same station. The findings state, that no severe technical obstacles have been identified, that hinder the set-up of multi-fuel stations. However there can be a challenge in terms of space and land use for multi-fuel stations, making the costs higher. The study look into standards, with a main focus on safety, applied in the different countries and concluded that there is lack of a using the same standard, i.e. with regard to security distances, for refuelling stations resulting in different requirements when it comes to designing multi-fuel stations.
Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau investigated the use of electric mobility in city logistics. It identifies factors, that make an urban-logistics-centric electric-mobility solution successful and describes a step by step process, in order to purchase and operate commercial electric vehicles. It presents 6 cases from Sweden, Finland and Germany of existing city-logistics solutions based on electric light and heavy duty vehicles. It also presents available electric light and heavy duty vehicles currently on the market.
The reports mentioned above are under completion and the results of these experiences will be presented in a common report currently elaborated by Skane Association of Local Authorities in autumn this year. Single results will already be presented at the Scandria®2Act Clean Fuel Roadshow event during the Nordic Clean Energy Week on 23rd May 2018 in Malmö.