30 March 2021
Integrating urban nodes in the Baltic Sea Region into the TEN-T
New BSR Access key point paper on the interoperability of urban nodes
Urban nodes are highly discussed for future policy of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) and along the core network corridors.
A new key point paper of the BSR Access project platform presents policy recommendations for the integration of urban nodes in the Baltic Sea Region into the TEN-T. It addresses policy makers at the European, national, regional and local level.
BSR Access has investigated urban nodes in the Baltic Sea Region to identify challenges associated with their role as interface between urban transport and trans-European transport. Based on the results from interviews and a stakeholder webinar, BSR Access has developed a key point paper that presents policy recommendations for the integration of urban nodes in the Baltic Sea Region into the TEN-T network considering all relevant policy levels. The paper includes all urban nodes in the BSR as defined by Annex II of the Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 including Oslo and St Petersburg.
For future TEN-T policy, urban nodes require a further developed definition which helps to focus on the interaction between the urban transport network and the European transport network. The definition of urban nodes shall respond to dynamic developments of TEN-T access points within urban nodes such as market developments, innovations and political and global challenges such as climate change. Urban nodes are functional areas that interconnect long distance, regional and local traffic, both for freight and passengers including first and last mile connections.
BSR Access recommends defining urban nodes as follows:
“An urban node is a functional area where long distance, regional and local traffic is interconnected. It provides access from and to the trans-European network, for both freight and passengers including first and last mile connections.
An urban node consists of:
- transport infrastructure in the urban node being part of the TEN-T network or being functionally linked, including bypasses that increase the performance of the TEN-T network,
- access points to the TEN-T network like multimodal railway stations, multimodal terminals, ports or airports irrespective of the fact, whether they are included in the TEN-T network or not, provided that they are relevant for the interaction of the urban node with the TEN-T network,
- first and last mile connections to these access points.”
Urban nodes are facing a growing need in terms of transport infrastructure investments to address current and future mobility needs and to implement mobility transition. Therefore, it seems to be essential to further develop and use smart financing schemes that correspond to societal needs for a balanced and sustainable transport development and involve innovative financing instruments, combining public finance, loans and guarantees.
The Baltic Sea Region can serve as a platform that connects urban nodes and enhances collaboration with respect to integrated urban node planning and financing.
The paper was developed by the Joint Spatial Planning Department Berlin-Brandenburg.
BSR Access combines competences and geographies of the involved projects and organisations into one cooperation platform tackling transport interoperability and regional development.
More information on urban nodes:
Download BSR Access key point paper:
BSR Access Publications
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